Course Of The Partition Of East Africa  

Course Of The Partition Of East Africa 

  • The partition of E.A was interestingly not done in E Africa but in Europe.
  • The process began after the chancellor of Germany Otto Von Bismarck called the Berlin conference in 1884 and this is where much of the paper work was done.
  •  The process of partition went through three main stages. 
  • Berlin conference (1884 – 1885)
  • 1st  Anglo – German  Agreement (1886) 
  • 2nd Anglo – German Agreement (1890) popularly known as the Heligoland treaty. 

Berlin conference;

  • This conference was called by Otto Von Bismarck, the German chancellor. The conference came up with the following guidelines;
  • No European power was to ally with any African country to frustrate colonialism.
  • It was also agreed that all European powers should eliminate slave trade in their colonies.
  • Each European country had to effectively occupy it’s colony by developing it.
  • It was also agreed that a paper map of E .Africa should be drawn to ease the partition.
  • In case a colonial power wanted to extend its influence, it had to first inform other European countries to avoid clashes and misunderstandings.
  • Congo was to be left to Belgium while France was to be compensated in West Africa.
  • The conference accordingly gave Germany and Britain a free hand in East Africa.

The Effects / Roles Of The Coference In The Partition Of E.Africa

  • The Berlin conference increased the rivalry among European powers i.e. they became more hungry for colonies. 
  • The Berlin conference practically divided East Africa among the Germans and the British hence doing away with the independence of East Africa.
  • The Berlin conference helped in the eradication of slave of slave trade leading to the introduction of legitimate trade.
  • The conference stimulated the development of Infrastructures in East Africa e.g. The Uganda railway ,Schools, Hospitals, Roads e.t.c 
  • The Berlin conference also speeded  up to the colonization process of East Africa i.e. European powers started sending missionaries, explorers, traders e. t. c 
  • The conference stimulated the formation of chartered companies e.g. IBEACO and GEACO which exploited E. Africa resources. 
  • The conference also led to an influx of white settlers because it gave permission to the whites to start coming to Africa. 
  • The conference also prevented any co-operation between European power and any African states.
  • The conference totally neglected the Africans yet what was going to be decided was to affect the Africans and their grand children. 
  • The Berlin conference also neglected tribal boundaries e.g. some tribes like the Samia and luo are in Kenya and Uganda and this created disunity among the Africans.