Decline Of Bunyoro

  • Decline Of Bunyoro, The Kingdom had grown too big which made it very hard for effective administration.
  • Weak leadership especially after Omukama Kabalega also led to the decline of Bunyoro.
  • The steady growth of Bunyoro’s neighbours e.g. Buganda, Ankole, Toro also weakened her.
  • Internal conflicts within Bunyoro also lead to her decline e.g. vassal states constantly revolted against Bunyoro.
  • The loose confederation of chiefdoms and break away of areas such as Buganda, Toro and Ankole also meant Lose of revenue for the Kingdom.
  • The Iron rich deposits of Kooki were taken away by Buganda which meant that Bunyoro would not make enough arrows and spears for defense.
  • Frequent revolts by the Bunyoro princes also weakened the kingdom for example Omukama Kasagama established the Kingdom of Toro.
  • In the late 19th century Buganda started trading with the Arabs who supplied her with guns to strengthen her army that managed to defeat Bunyoro.
  • The arrival of the British increased Buganda’s power and supported her campaigns that led to the final defeat of Bunyoro.
  • Famine and hunger also led to massive loss of lives which reduced the population of the kingdom.
  • Diseases and natural calamities like floods also led to the decline of the kingdom.