Effects of missionary activities on the Africans

Effects of missionary activities on the Africans

  • Africans embraced Christianity and neglected their traditional religions.
  • Africans also neglected traditional medicines and went to missionary hospitals for treatment.
  • Hospitals helped Africans to fight against the tropical diseases like malaria.
  • Disunity was created among Africans due to divisions along religious lines.
  • Africans attained western education by joining mission schools and neglected local education.
  • Africans adopted the growing of cash crops and neglected the growing of traditional food crops.
  • Africans enjoyed improved standards of living e.g. improved medical care.
  • Urban centers were created in areas where missionaries settled e.g. Kampala and Bagamoyo.
  • Africans adopted western cultures e.g. dressing and burial which were conducted religiously.
  • Abolition of slave trade helped Africans to regain their dignity and respect.
  • Many Africans gained employment in the colonial government after training e.g. secretaries.
  • Africans also acquired many technical skills after attending technical schools e.g. building.
  • Missionary education led to the rise of African nationalism e.g. formation of political parties.
  • African dropped some of their cultures and customs e.g. killing of twins in Bunyoro.
  • African minds were softened due to their wonderful preachings to easily allow colonialism.
  • Africans were convinced to sign treaties which eventually led to loss of their land e.g. 1900 Buganda agreement.

The role played by missionaries in the colonization of East Africa 

  • Through their wonderful preachings, missionaries softened the heart and minds of the Africans who welcomed colonialism with open arms.
  • They often called on home governments to occupy areas where they worked leading to eventual colonisation.
  • They involved themselves in the over throw of local rulers who were resisting Europeans e.g. Kabaka Mwanga was overthrown and replaced by a ‘ Puppet  ‘ Kabaka  Daudi Chwa.
  • Missionaries only settled in areas where their home governments had economic interests which attracted colonialists to come and take over such areas e.g. in Buganda.
  • Missionaries also convinced Africa chiefs into singing treaties which were later used to colonise such areas e.g. Bishop Tucker assisted in the singing of the 1900 Buganda Agreement.
  • Missionaries laid a firm economic foundation for the colonial government to survive on by encouraging the growing of cash crops.
  • They helped to finance other colonial agents e.g. The Church Missionary Society in 1891 injected 50,000 pounds into the activities of IBEACO which was also used in the colonisation process.
  • Missionaries divided Africans along religious lines hence creating disunity e.g. in Buganda, Kabaka Mwanga was disunited from his subjects or followers who could not unite to fight colonialism.
  • Missionaries helped to abolish slave trade and this created a conducive atmosphere for European settlement in East Africa leading to colonization.
  • Missionaries identified hostile and accommodative societies e.g. Buganda was accommodative while Nandi were branded hostile which helped the colonialists to deal with the people accordingly.
  • Missionaries also built schools in which Africans were brain washed to believe that everything western was good hence the Africans embraced colonial rule with open hands. 
  • Missionary education and teachings created a class of collaborators e.g. Sir Apollo Kaggwa, Semei Kakungulu who helped in extending colonial rule.
  • Missionaries also set up mission stations e.g. at Bagamoyo and Rabai Mpya which were later used as administrative posts by colonialists. 
  • Missionaries also encouraged the use of foreign language e.g. English and Latin and this made communication between the Africans and colonialists very easy. 
  • Missionaries constructed hospitals to provide health services which were later used by colonialists to fight against the burden of tropical diseases.