Effects of population increase on agric

Effects of population increase on agric

Negative effects

Leads to land fragmentation i.e. subdivision of land into many plots.

Leads to over use of land which results into loss of fertility.

It leads to shortage of food for the population.

It leads to unemployment and under employment.

There will be wide spread poverty because resources are shared by too many people.

High population widens income disputes and causes social, political and economic discontent.

There is always low standard of living due to low per capital income.

Many social services will be run down.

It calls for more expenditure on education, housing, food, medical care, clothing etc. This reduces investment in more directly productive sectors e.g. Agriculture, tourism etc.

There will be congestion, famine, diseases and high crime rates.

There is heavy dependence burden especially where there is increasing number of children.

There will be inflation.

Poor housing facilities and development of slums.

High rates of illiteracy.

Overgrazing on the existing small agricultural land.


Creation of wealth; large population is able to utilize the resources available for creation of wealth.

It increases the market size.

It increases the size of the labour force and so makes the labour cheap.

High population justifies the establishment of infrastructure in an area.

It leads to increases in government revenue through taxes paid by the citizens.

High population boasts the growth of industries because there will be many people to work in the industries.

It also leads to increase in the GDP (Gross Domestic Product).

High population enhances the status if a country in international affairs e.g. China is a super power because of its high population.

Efforts to work hard are stimulated and this promotes innovation and invention to cope with the challenges.