Effects of the religious wars

Effects of the religious wars

  • The wars divided the Baganda and the whole of Uganda along religious lines.
  • The wars subsequently created enmity between the followers of the different religious groups.
  • They led to the formation of political parties along religious lines such as U.P.C (Uganda Peoples’ Congress) for Protestants and D.P (Democratic Party) for the Catholics.
  • Many people were killed during the wars e.g. 30 converts (Uganda martyrs) were murdered in 1886 at Namugongo.
  • Many people who had supported the Protestants gained political offices in Buganda upon victory e.g. Semei Kakungulu and Apollo Kaggwa.
  • Armed Christian groups were formed in order to defend themselves e.g. the Protestants had 500 guns given to them by Captain Fredrick Lugard.
  • Political offices in Buganda were allocated along religious lines e.g. Katikiro /Prime minister was to be a Protestant where as Omulamuzi or chief justice was to be a Catholic.
  • The Catholics and Muslims were sidelined at Mengo and therefore remained in political inferiority.
  • Schools in Buganda were run on sectarian ground e.g. Kings College Budo was for the Protestants and st Mary’s College Kisubi was for the Catholics.
  • The 20 counties of Buganda were allocated on religious grounds.
  • The Protestants got 12 counties, 8 for the Catholics and 2 for the Muslims.
  • The Wars confused Mwanga to the extent of failing to decide on which religion to follow thus he kept on wavering his support from one group to another.
  • Mwanga was later forced to exile where he accepted Christianity along protestant lines taking the name Daniel.
  • The Wars also led to the eventual colonization of Uganda as Christian Missionaries especially Protestants called upon the British to take over Uganda to protect their lives and interests.
  • Led to the rise of different personalities e.g. Sir Apollo Kaggwa and Semei Kakungulu.
  • The wars slowed down growth of nationalism in Uganda due to divisions along religious lines.
  • Christianity was wide spread within Buganda and Uganda at large.
  • The wars caused massive destruction of property in Buganda.
  • Buganda’s traditional religion greatly declined due to wide spread Christianity.
  • The confusion created by the wars led to the signing of the 1900 Buganda Agreement.
  • Islam was greatly reduced in influence within Buganda.
  • Many people fled to other parts of Uganda due to insecurity in Buganda e.g. fled to Bunyoro.