Effects

Effects Of The Partition

  • The partition of East Africa completely eroded the independence of the East African societies. 
  • The boundaries of the E.African countries were clearly drawn.
  • Many people in E. Africa lost their land to the whites who introduced cash crops e.g. coffee, wheat, sisal. 
  • Many people lost their lives as they tried to resist colonial rule. 
  • The partition marked the end of slave trade and legitimate trade was introduced. 
  • The partition led to the formation of chartered companies e.g. IBEACO and GEACO to exploit East Africa’s resources. 
  • African kings and chiefs lost their authority to the whites especially in Tanganyika. 
  • It led to the introduction of taxes e.g. gun and hut tax. 
  • The partition led to the development of infrastructures in East Africa e.g. Uganda railway. 
  • The partition increased the rivalry between Germany and Britain. 
  • The partition accelerated or increased missionary work in E.A. 
  • The partition resulted into the separation of people who previously belonged to one tribe e.g. the Samia in Uganda and Kenya, Masai in Kenya and Tanzania, Banyankole in Uganda and Rwanda.
  • The partition also accelerated tribalism as the Europeans tended to support collaborators against resistors. 
  • Africans that previously grew crops for their own consumption were now forced to grow crops that they could not eat e.g. coffee, tea, cotton and sisal.
  • The partition ended the long distance trade and led to the fall of trading empires of Mirambo, Nyungu ya mawe and Tippu –Tip. 
  • The partition led to the rise of a class of African collaborators who worshiped the white man e.g. Semei Kakungulu, Nuwa Mbaguta, Sir Apollo Kaggwa, Nabongo Mumia (Wanga). 
  • After the partition, the colonialists began a process of developing their colonies e.g.  They constructed roads and railway lines to help out in the exploitation of East Africa’s resources.