Effects of the abolition of slave trade

Effects of the abolition of slave trade

  • There was decline of the former slave trading states e.g. Yao, and Nyamwezi because they had lost their source of their economic power.
  • There was also loss of wealth and income to those individuals and societies that greatly depended on slave trade.
  • The Yao who had made slave trade their sole occupation could not settle down to do agriculture after slave trade was abolished.
  • There was population increase because the human exports that had depopulated mainland East Africa had stopped.
  • Agriculture improved and new crops were introduced to facilitate the transition from slave trade to legitimate trade e.g. coffee, tea and sisal, e.t.c.
  • People started attending to their farm lands which they had neglected during the slave trade era and this increased food production.
  • People regained their status and dignity that had been eroded by slavery and slave trade.
  • Security greatly improved because slave raids that had de-stabilized the interior were brought to an end.
  • The abolition increased the spread of Christianity and Western culture.                                                                                                              
  • Missionaries therefore built mission stations, schools and hospitals for the freed slaves.
  • Transport was improved. The Uganda railway was built to facilitate and aid the transfer from slave trade to legitimate trade.
  • The abolition also led to the increase of European penetration into the interior of E.A especially the humanitarians.
  • This subsequently led to the colonization of East Africa and this led to the loss of independence by East African states.
  • The abolition of slave trade led to the introduction of legitimate trade.  This was the trade in natural products e.g. cotton, coffee, Tea, sisal, etc. but not people.
  • Former slave trade routes later developed into proper communication lines and this increased European penetration into the interior.
  • The intertribal war that were always fought to acquire slaves were minimized which brought in an era of peace and security. 
  • Local people hated their traditional rulers who had collaborated with slave traders i.e. there was hatred between who had participated in slave trade and those who were opposed to it.