Establishment of a nursery bed

Establishment of a nursery bed

Vegetable nurseries

Vegetation is cleared and trash is removed

Digging is done to remove perenial weeds

The size of the nursery bed should be 1m wide by nay length leaving path 60cm wide between individual beds.

Harrowing is fine to provided a fine tilth.

Phosphatic fertilizers are added in the organic matter.

The ground is leveled using a rake to remove any trash.

Shallow drills are made (10 – 20cm) apart.

The seeds are drilled uniformly

Cover lightly with soil and water immediately

Erect the shade.

b)      Tree nurseries

Vegetation is cleared and trash removed.

Digging is done to remove perennial weeds

Size of the nursery bed, should be 1m wide by any length leaving paths 60cm wide between individual beds.

Add phosphatic fertilizers to organic manures

The ground is leveled using a rake.

Trees are established in polythene sleeves

Pre – germinating seeds that for have been put in water 24 – 48 hrs are used.

Plants in polythene sleeves half – filled with soil and phosphetic ferilisers.

Fill the sleeves to ¾ with soil. This makes transplanting easy.

Nursery managment practices

While in the nursery, the following practices are carried out to the seedlings;

Watering regulary in the morning and evening

Weed control mainly by uprooting the weeks.

Pricking out. This is the removal of weak and unhealthy seedlings and planting them in another nursery seedlings bed.

Shading. This refers to erecting a shade for the seedlings

Mulching. This is done after planting and should be removed after the seedlings emerge.

Pest control by applying the recommended pesticides.

Hardening off. The gradual reduction of shade and watering before transplanting to adapt the seedlings to the field conditions.

Disease control by use of appropriate chemicals.

Types of nursery beds

There are 2 types of Nursery beds.

Sunken Nurseries

Raised nurseries.

Sunken nurseries are prepared during the dry season and raised nurseries during rainy season.

Note

  • Seeds may be planted in nursery beds, seeds boxes or soil blocks
  • Seeds boxes are wooden boxes filled with fertile soils in which seedlings are raised.
  • Soil blocks are polythene sleeves filled with fertile soils to raise seedlings.