Factors that affect the form of land use

Topography; steep slopes cannot be used for settlement or planting crops; but is used for recreation or wildlife conservation compared to gentle slopes.

Soil types / fertility; fertile well drained loam soils are used for agriculture, rocky infertile soils for settlement or mining.

Climate; Areas with well distributed rainfall seasons are condusive for farming and settlement, while hot areas are for wildlife conservation and mining.

Vegetation; thick vegetation is used for forestry, for wildlife conservation while light vegetation is used for farming.

Culture of the people; some people prefer rearing animals; growing specific crops like coffee, or fishing especially around water bodies.

Land tenure systems; Government owned land is used for wildlife conservation, forestry or mining while individuals prefer agriculture, industrialization or settlement.

Religious factors; Religions dictate the type of animals kept by the people.

Population pressure; densely populated areas like cities and towns encourage industrialization, recreation and settlement while sparsely populated area are used for wildlife conservation and farming.

Education levels; areas with access to skilled labour engage in commercial agriculture compared to other areas.

Capital availability for the various activities e.g. industries require a lot of capital compared to agriculture.

Market forces.

Power supply (electricity)

Transport and communication availability.