Examples of specialized cells in animal

These are cells modified to perform a particular function. They become suited or adapted for particular functions by modifying either their size, or shape, etc.

i)Red blood cells

in blood These transport oxygen in our bodies.


ii) Sperm cells

These fuses with the ovum to form a zygote during fertilization

iii) Ovum or egg

This is the female reproductive cell that fuses with a sperm to form a zygote.

iv) White blood cells

This defends the body against infections and diseases

iv) Platelets

These are used for blood clotting.

Examples of specialized cells in plants.

i) Root hair cells

They are found in plant roots

They absorb water and mineral salts from the soil


ii)Palisade cells

These are found in leaves of green plants

They carry out the process of photosynthesis

iii) Guard cells

They are found in green leaves

They control the opening and closing of stomata in leaves