OTHER FEATURES ASSOCIATED WITH THE CONTINENT OF AFRICA. 

OTHER FEATURES ASSOCIATED WITH THE CONTINENT OF AFRICA.


Cape- A piece of land jutting out into the sea.
Examples of capes in Africa:
a) Cape Verde –to the West.
b) Cape Guardafui-to the East.
c) Cape Agulhas to the South.
d) Cape Ras Ben to the North.
e) Cape of Good Hope to the South.
f) Cape Blanc to the Northern Africa.
Gulf – A large area of the sea partly enclosed by land.

Examples of gulfs: a) Gulf of Aden
b) Gulf of Sirte
c) Gulf of Gabes
d) Gulf of Guinea
A strait- A narrow water passage between two land masses.
E.g. The Strait of Gibraltar-This is the nearest point between Africa and Europe. Isthmus-A narrow land connecting two land masses that could otherwise be separated by water.
Island-A small piece of land surrounded by a water body.


Examples of island countries of Africa
a) Madagascar (Indian Ocean) – the largest island in Africa
b) Seychelles (Indian Ocean) – smallest country in Africa
c) Mauritius (Indian Ocean)
d) Comoros (Indian Ocean)
e) Verde (Atlantic Ocean)
f) Reunion (Indian Ocean)
i) Sao Tome and principe (Atlantic Ocean)

  1. Peninsula- A piece of land with three sides surrounded by water.
    Or- A piece of land nearly surrounded by water with a section attached to the main land by an Isthmus.

LOCATION AND POSITION OF AFRICA USING LATITUDES AND LONGITUDES

The method of locating places using latitudes and longitudes is called Grid reference.
Latitudes are imaginary lines drawn on the map from East to West.
Longitudes\ Meridians are imaginary lines drawn on the map from North to South.
Longitude is the distance East or West of the Prime Meridian.
Latitude is the distance North or South of the Equator.
Africa is located between latitudes 370N – 35oS and longitudes 170w – 520E . Africa is crossed by three major latitudes namely: a Equator- 0
a) Tropic of cancer- 23 1/2 N.
b) Tropic of Capricorn-23 1/2S.

Other major latitudes include:
a Arctic circle- 66 ½ N b Antarctic circle- 661/2S
• The biggest part of Africa lies within the tropics.
• The Equator is marked 0 degrees because it is the starting point of measuring latitudes.
• Gabon, Congo Brazzaville, DRC, Uganda, Kenya and Somalia are crossed by the Equator.
The Prime Meridian is the major line of longitude that crosses Africa.
Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali and Algeria are crossed by the Greenwich. Accra is the only city in Africa crossed by the Prime Meridian The Greenwich is used to determine international time.
The international dateline is another major longitude (180) which separates one day from another or determines the date.

MAP OF AFRICA SHOWING ITS LOCATION BY LONGITUDES AND LATITUDES

LOCATION AND POSITION OF AFRICA USING LATITUDES AND LONGITUDES 1
MAP OF AFRICA SHOWING ITS LOCATION BY LONGITUDES AND LATITUDES

Countries in West Africa.

Capture

Countries in East Africa.

east africa

Countries in central Africa

central african countries

Countries in Northern Africa

north africa
image

Countries in Southern Africa

southern africa
Countries in Southern Africa

Horn of Africa

horn of africa
Horn of Africa

Land locked countries of Africa.

  • Uganda
  • Swaziland
  • Zimbabwe
  • Central African Republic
  • South Sudan
  • Lesotho
  • Zambia
  • Burkina Faso
  • Rwanda
  • Botswana
  • Chad
  • Niger ETC.
    Lesotho is called an enclave country of Africa because it is located within another country-South Africa.