PHYSICAL FEATURES OF AFRICA 

PHYSICAL FEATURES OF AFRICA
Physical features are landforms on the earth that give it its shape.
Some physical features are relief features while others are drainage features. Relief features include;

  • mountains
  • highlands
  • plateau
  • lowlands
  • rift valleys, and coastal plains.


Drainage features include lakes, rivers, seas and oceans.
Some physical features are located along the coastal regions. They form natural boundaries while others are found in the interior of countries.
Physical features are natural resources because they make up the physical environment which people depend on to earn a living.
. Africa is made of the following physical features.
Lakes and rivers.
Highland / mountains
Rift valley
Plateau
Coastal plains
Islands
Basins .

PLATEAU.


A plateau is a raised flat topped piece of land.
Or a plateau is an area of high flat land.
A plateau is a table land.
A plateau covers the largest part of Africa

symbol of a plateau.

PLATEAU

Rocks which made the plateau.
Sedimentary rocks.
Metamorphic rocks.
Igneous rocks.


Examples of plateaus in Africa.


A haggar plateau in Algeria.
Jos plateau inNigeria
Funta Djalon/Guinea plateau in Guinea
Bie plateau in Angola
Nyikka plateau in Kenya
Yatta plateau in Kenya

Human activities on a plateau.
Farming Mining
Tourism
Nomadic pastoralism
Settlement


.Reasons why a plateau is good for human settlement.


It has fertile soils for farming.
It has pasture for cattle keeping.
It is easy to construct houses on a plateau.
There is easy transport on plateau.
The Masai live in the Nyikka plateau of East Africa.
The word Nyikka means barren\ dry land.

  • Highlands and Mountains
  • -There are four types of mountains in Africa namely;
    • Fold mountains
    • Volcanic mountains
    • Block mountains
    • Residual mountains.