What is population census

What is population census

What is population census? Population census is the general counting of people in an area.

National population census
This is the general counting of people in a country.

Terms used in population census.
a- Enumerators- these are officials who count people during a population census.
b- Census night – the night before the population census.
Note: Demography is the study of population.

Reasons for conducting a population census.

a- To know the number of people living in an area/country.
b- To plan for people’s services.
c- To get population information.
d- To know the birth and death rate.
e- To determine the rate population growth

Why is a population census carried out after ten years?
a- It is very expensive to conduct it on a yearly basis.

Problems faced during population census.

a- Bad weather.
b- Remoteness of some areas/ some areas cannot be easily accessed.
c- Negative attitude from some people who give wrong information.
d- Shortage of skilled enumerators.

Advantages of a low population

1- The government can easily provide social services to the people.
2- There are many chances of employment.
3- There is little pressure on natural resources.
4- There is enough land for settlement.
5- There are low crime rates.

Problems Associated with a low Population Density.

  1. There is a low labour force.
  2. There is low market for goods.
  3. There is low labour for security
  4. Under utilization of resources.
  5. There is low tax collection.
  6. 6.It discourages investment.

Advantages of a high population

  1. There is a wide market for goods.
  2. There is a wide tax collected by the government..
  3. It encourages investment.
  4. There is cheap labour.
  5. There is enough labour for security.

Problems Associated with a high Population Density.
1- Land fragmentation/ shortage of land
2- Deforestation
3- Unemployment
4- Poor sanitation
5- High crime rate/ insecurity
6- Development of slums.
7- Leads to high government expenditure.

solutions to the above problems.

  1. By resettling people to areas with low population.
  2. By encouraging re-afforestation.
  3. By encouraging people to set up small scale industries.
  4. By educating people about dangers of poor sanitation.
  5. By improving on security in an area.