Problems facing the tourism industry

Problems facing the tourism industry

  • Problems facing the tourism industry Are as follows, Political unrest in Kenya (1997 and 2008), ADF in Uganda (1996-1998), LRA (1996-2OO8).
  • Seasonal migration of animals from one place to another for example elephants sometimes migrates from Queen Elizabeth National Park to Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Poaching and smuggling of wildlife has depleted some of rare species for example crested crane.
  • Poor transport and communication networks i.e. most of the roads are in a poor state and inaccessible during the rainy seasons.
  • Competition for tourists within East Africa and other Africa countries like Egypt, South Africa.
  • Conflicts between land use types for example agriculture vs. tourism, lumbering vs. tourism
  • Shortage of skilled labour.
  • Animal pests and diseases for example in 2004, anthrax killed about 200 hippos in Queen Elizabeth National park.
  • Limited advertisement of tourist site and activities.
  • Inadequate capital to invest in the tourism sector.
  • Encroachment on the gazetted areas by the people either for settlement or agriculture.
  • Hostile tribes
  • Corruption and embezzlement of tourism funds mainly Uganda and Kenya.
  • Language barrier which limits tourists from some parts of world like people from Latin America.
Problems facing the tourism industry

STEPS BEING TAKEN TO SOLVE THE PROBLEMS

  • Strict laws against poaching and smuggling of wildlife have been enacted and Special Forces are trained to enforce the laws and patrolling the protected areas.
  • Settlement and agricultural practices in the protected areas are prohibited by the governments.
  • Governments have been improving upon transport and communication networks to tourist’s sites.
  • There has been an increase in advertisement of the tourist potential of the East African countries through both local and international electronic and print media.
  • Manpower is being trained within East Africa’s higher institutes of learning and abroad on tourism management.
  • Massive education is going on about the importance of tourism ,the main aims of conserving the environment through electronic and print media ,seminars and workshops
  • Deployment of the armed forces in troubled areas.
  • The office of Inspector General of Government,Public Accounts Committee and Criminal Investment Department of Police have been strengthened and charged with responsibility of curbing down corruption in Uganda.
  • Governments of E.A. are soliciting funds from World Bank, IMF, and African Development Bank to improve upon the tourism infrastructure.
  • Game cropping is occasionally carried out in national parks with excess number of wild life in order to match with the carrying capacity of the land.
  • Different bodies i.e. UWA (Uganda), KTB (Kenya), TWA (Tanzania) have been established to co-ordinate the wildlife and tourism activities.