Problems facing the tourism industry Are as follows, Political unrest in Kenya (1997 and 2008), ADF in Uganda (1996-1998), LRA (1996-2OO8).
Seasonal migration of animals from one place to another for example elephants sometimes migrates from Queen Elizabeth National Park to Democratic Republic of Congo.
Poaching and smuggling of wildlife has depleted some of rare species for example crested crane.
Poor transport and communication networks i.e. most of the roads are in a poor state and inaccessible during the rainy seasons.
Competition for tourists within East Africa and other Africa countries like Egypt, South Africa.
Conflicts between land use types for example agriculture vs. tourism, lumbering vs. tourism
Shortage of skilled labour.
Animal pests and diseases for example in 2004, anthrax killed about 200 hippos in Queen Elizabeth National park.
Limited advertisement of tourist site and activities.
Inadequate capital to invest in the tourism sector.
Encroachment on the gazetted areas by the people either for settlement or agriculture.
Corruption and embezzlement of tourism funds mainly Uganda and Kenya.
Language barrier which limits tourists from some parts of world like people from Latin America.
STEPS BEING TAKEN TO SOLVE THE PROBLEMS
Strict laws against poaching and smuggling of wildlife have been enacted and Special Forces are trained to enforce the laws and patrolling the protected areas.
Settlement and agricultural practices in the protected areas are prohibited by the governments.
Governments have been improving upon transport and communication networks to tourist’s sites.
There has been an increase in advertisement of the tourist potential of the East African countries through both local and international electronic and print media.
Manpower is being trained within East Africa’s higher institutes of learning and abroad on tourism management.
Massive education is going on about the importance of tourism ,the main aims of conserving the environment through electronic and print media ,seminars and workshops
Deployment of the armed forces in troubled areas.
The office of Inspector General of Government,Public Accounts Committee and Criminal Investment Department of Police have been strengthened and charged with responsibility of curbing down corruption in Uganda.
Governments of E.A. are soliciting funds from World Bank, IMF, and African Development Bank to improve upon the tourism infrastructure.
Game cropping is occasionally carried out in national parks with excess number of wild life in order to match with the carrying capacity of the land.
Different bodies i.e. UWA (Uganda), KTB (Kenya), TWA (Tanzania) have been established to co-ordinate the wildlife and tourism activities.