SLAVE TRADE

  • Slave trade is the buying and selling of human beings.
  • Slave trade was part of the long distance trade in E. Africa.
  • It was introduced by the Arabs.

How were slaves acquired / got during long distance trade.

a- Through raiding / ambushing villages.
b- Through inter-tribal wars thus selling war captives.
c- Through buying them from slave trade marchants.

Slave market centres in East Africa.

a- Tabora – main inland slave market
b- Zanzibar – main slave market in East Africa at the coast and Central Africa.
c- Kilwa
d- Mombasa
e- Malindi

Note
The Gore Island in Senegal was the main slave trade market in West Africa.
Why the early foreigners / visitors to East Africa first report to the Sultan of
Zanzibar.

a- To get porters
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b- To get interpreters
c- To get guides
d- To get permission from the Sultan

STEPS TAKEN TO ABOLISH SLAVE TRADE
 In 1807, the British Parliament stopped all the British from carrying out slave
trade.
It became illegal to own slaves in England.
The Moresby treaty was signed in 1822 to stop slave trade.
In 1833, all slaves living in the British Empire were set free.

Who was the British Parliamentarian that spearheaded the abolition of slave
trade?

  • Sir William Wilberforce.

TREATIES SIGNED TO STOP SLAVE TRADE IN EAST AFRICA

a. The Moreshby treaty (1822)
ii. It was signed between captain Fairfax Moreshby and Sultan Seyyid Said.
iii. The Hamerton treaty (1845)
This was signed between Colonel Seyyid Said.
iv. TheFrere treaty.
This was signed between Sir Bartle Frere and Sultan Barghash.

EFFECTS OF SLAVE TRADE/ LONG DISTANCE TRADE IN EAST AFRICA

  1. It led to death of people.
  2. It led to separation of families.
  3. It lead to shortage of labour.
  4. It led to development of coastal towns like Kilwa and Mombasa.
  5. It led to destruction of property.
  6. It led to famine.
  7. It led to displacement of people.
  8. It led to inter-tribal wars.