THE ARAB TRADERS IN EAST AFRICA.

The first foreigners to come to East Africa were the Arabs from Saudi Arabia in Asia.

The Arab traders sailed across the Indian Ocean to the coast of East Africa in special boats known as dhows.

The dhows were driven by the monsoon winds across the Indian Ocean to and from the coast of East Africa.

REASONS FOR THE COMING OF ARABS.

i) They came to carryout trade.
ii) To spread Islamic religion.
iii) To seek political refuge/ as political refugees

EFFECTS OF THE ARAB TRADERS IN EAST AFRICA

  1. They introduced Islam as a religion in East Africa.
  2. They introduced the Zebu cattle
  3. They led to introduction of Swahili culture through intermarriages between the
    Arabs and the coastal Bantu.
  4. They developed coastal towns e.g. Kilwa.
  5. They introduced new crops e.g. rice, cloves.
  6. They introduced slave trade leading to loss of lives.
  7. They introduced new items of trade e.g. guns .

THE ZENJ EMPIRE

The Arabs found the East African coast occupied by black people whom they
called the Zenj
Meaning black people.

Zenj Empire

Zenj empire refers to the land of the black people
The Arabs referred the East African coast as the Zenj Empire because it was
occupied by black people.
The title was given to the chiefs/ leaders of the coastal towns in the Zenj Empire
was Sultan
It was not correct for the Arabs to call the coast of East Africa Zenj because each
coastal state was independent with its own leader.