THE LONG DISTANCE TRADE
What was Long distance trade?
This was the trade that was carried out in East Africa between the people of the interior of and those at the coast covering long distances. The long distance trade was carried out in caravan form.
The long distance trade was called so because It involved traders moving long distances from the coast to the interior of East Africa.
Tribes that participated in Long distance trade.
Nyamwezi of Tanzania.
- Yao of Tanzania.
- Baganda of Uganda.
- Kamba of Kenya.
- Banyoro of Uganda.
- Kikuyu of Kenya
- Ngoni of Tanzania.
The foreigners who took part in the Long distance trade were; The Arabs and Indians.
The major trading centres were; Zanzibar, Kilwa, Bagamoyo in the Interior.
The goods taken by Africans to the Arabs were; Ivory, Slaves, Salt, Copper, Hides and skins, Iron ore, Wax and Rhinoceros horns.
The goods brought by the Arabs and Indians to the Africans were; Guns, Clothes, Glass, Cups, Plates, and Mirrors.
Famous / Notorious traders during long distance trade.
a- Tippu Tip
Long distance was conducted along three main routes:
i) The Southern route
ii) The Central route
iii) The Northern route
Note: Bagamoyo was the main entry point to early visitors / foreigners into East Africa.
Effects of the long distance trade.
- Kings and chiefs became rich and strong.
- Towns developed in East Africa.
- New products were brought to East Africa.
- It led to intermarriages between Africans ad the Arabs.
- It led to introduction of Islam as a religion into East Africa.
- New language was introduced due to the intermarriages between the Arabs
- and the Coastal Bantu.
- It led to the introduction of new crops into the region of E.Africa.
- Slave trade was introduced with its effects.
- Valuable resources were over exploited e.g. Elephants for Ivory.
- It led to loss of culture and identity.
- There was tribal wars and hatred among people.
- It led to foreign influence which later led to colonization.
- Introduction of guns led to the collapse of some societies as they were raided.
MAP OF EAST AFRICA SHOWING LONG DISTANCE TRADE ROUTES