The Transfiguration of Jesus christ

The Transfiguration of Jesus christ

The Transfiguration of Jesus christ . Instructions. Read. Luke chapter 9, verse 28 to 36. Then answer revision questions that follow.

A brief summary from the Bible

Transfiguration is change or transformation of form or appearance. Jesus was transformed in appearance when he took Peter, John and James to the mountain to pray.

During the transfiguration, Moses and Elijah came down from heaven to talk with Jesus about his coming death in Jerusalem.

Moses, Elijah and Jesus were in heavenly glory and glorious splendor. Peter, John and James were asleep. When they woke up, they saw Jesus’ glory. They also saw Elijah and Moses with Jesus. Peter

suggested to Jesus that they build three tents for Jesus, Elijah and Moses. As he spoke a cloud

overshadowed them. A voice from the cloud said ‘this is my son, whom I have chosen——– listen to

him”. The cloud left and the disciples found themselves with Jesus. They kept what they saw and heard

to themselves.

Significance and importance of transfiguration

a. The voice from heaven confirmed that Jesus is the Christ of God, or the Messiah

b. Moses represented the Old Testament law. Jesus came to fulfil the Law of Moses. It showed that Jesus was not against the Law of Moses.

c. Elijah represented the Old Testament Prophets. This meant that Jesus had fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies. He is above the prophets.

d. Jesus is above or greater than the law and the prophets.

e. Transfiguration was a way of preparing the disciples for the death and resurrection of Jesus. Death is not the end of life (Moses and Elijah appeared to confirm this)

f. The transfiguration prepared and gave strength to Jesus for what lay ahead of him

g. Dazzling appearance showed the glory of Jesus

h. The transfiguration also shows the importance of encouraging each other.

Revision questions

a. Explain the teachings of John the Baptist

b. Describe the baptism and temptation of Jesus and its relevance to Christians today.

c. Give reasons as to why Jesus was rejected at Nazareth

d. Describe the first miracles of Jesus at Capernaum

e. Narrate and dramatize the temptations of Jesus from the gospel according to St Luke,

f. Identify five occasions when Jesus was tempted

g. Explain ways in which Christians can be tempted today

h. Outline ways in which Christians can overcome temptations in the contemporary world

i. Identify lessons that Christians can learn from the temptations of Jesus?

j. What is the role of the clergy in Kenya?

k. How does the church participate in the upkeep of the clergy?

l. Define and describe the transfiguration of Jesus

The journey to jerusalem – luke ch. 9-18

As Jesus travelled to Jerusalem, He prepared His disciples for the life they were to lead after He leaves

them.

Learning Outcomes. By the end of the topic, you should be able to

a Identify duties and privileges and cost of a disciple.

b Describe the teachings of Jesus on prayer, hypocrisy, wealth and watchfulness’.

c Describe parables Jesus used to teach about prayer, hypocrisy, wealth and watchfulness.

Duties, Privileges And Cost Of Discipleship

Lesson Outcomes. When you read this lesson, you should:

1. Explain discipleship

2. List duties given to disciples by Jesus Christ

3. Explain relevance of Christian discipleship to modern Church

Jesus’ teaching on faith and humility

A brief summary from the Bible. Read (Luke 9: 37 – 50) for details. After the transfiguration, Jesus used two incidents to teach his disciples about faith and humility.

One incident was the healing of a boy possessed by an evil spirit (Luke 9: 37 –43). Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit out of the boy and the boy was healed.

Jesus told His disciples that their lack of faith was the reason why they did not cure the boy.

Jesus informed his disciples that faith in him was important when carrying out his work.

Jesus’ teaching on His Work

The next question was ….. who is to work for Jesus? All Christians can work for Jesus even believers who are gentiles. Read (Luke 9 vs. 49 – 50).

Jesus told his disciples not to forbid others from carrying out his work for whoever is not against Him is for Him.

This means that whoever had faith; even the Gentiles could carry out Jesus work. For more notes read more notes about chemistry, home economics, physics,commerce

Jesus’ teaching on His followers

Jesus was determined to go to Jerusalem. As He travelled, men volunteered to follow him wherever he was going. Jesus replied that foxes have holes, birds of the air have nests but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head.

Jesus had no earthly home. His mission on earth was only for a time.

A man requested to follow Jesus but asked permission to bury his father. Jesus told him to let the dead bury

their dead. Disciples of Jesus have to leave their families in order to do His Work.

Mission of the 72 men. Read Luke 10:1 – 24

On the way to Jerusalem, Jesus sent out 72 disciples on a mission to promote the Gospel of the Kingdom of God through preaching and service.

The 72 disciples were sent in 2s in order to encourage or help each other.

The 72 were given instructions. Jesus told them that He has given them power over demons, serpents, scorpion.

They have power over all the powers of Satan. When disciples returned, they reported that demons obeyed them. In Luke 10 verse 20, Jesus asked the 72 to rejoice not because demons flee but because their names are written in heaven.

Out of the many followers, Jesus chose 12 apostles who learnt from Jesus and became His witnesses.

Jesus’ teaching on the greatest disciple

Read (Luke 9: 46- 48). The disciples asked themselves– who is the greatest amongst disciples amongst the 12 disciples? In response Jesus took a child by His side and said to the disciples.

Whoever welcomes this child in my name, welcomes me, as well as the one who sent me. For the one who is least amongst you shall be the greatest in Heaven.

Lessons from this example. Jesus explained that His disciples needed values of humility and simplicity. These virtues were needed to carry out the work of

discipleship.

Teaching about Discipleship

1. True followers of Jesus Christ must

a. Be ready to detach themselves from families and material possessions.

b. Be ready to face rejections because not all people will accept them or their message.

c. Be ready to serve.

d. Be ready to cater for people’s physical needs.

e. Be self – less.

f. Not be hypocrites and should accept hospitality whenever it is given.

g. Be able to exercise self-evaluation.

2. Duties of a disciple were:

a) To preach the good news of salvation to other people and be ready to suffer for the sake of Christ.

b) Obey God’s commandments and follow teachings of Jesus.

c) To help the needy spiritually and with material needs.

d) To teach others about the Kingdom of God.

e) To heal the sick.

f) To cast out demons.

g) Be prepared to suffer for the sake of the gospel.

h) Being loyal to Jesus and faithful to the gospel.

i) Commitment and loyalty

3. Privileges of a disciple

a) One becomes a member of the Kingdom of God.

b) They get an assurance of eternal life.

c) They receive joy of winning other people to follow Jesus.

d) They receive peace, and blessings of God.

How are these teachings relevant to modern church leaders and members?

Modern church leaders have a duty to continue preaching God’s word to all people. They should serve

God in several ministries such as visiting the sick, caring for orphans, the destitute, widows, widowers, and the aged. They should also be ready to suffer and even face rejection for the sake of the Christ.

Exercise

1. What are the characteristics of a true follower of Christ?

2. State the privileges of being a disciple of Jesus Christ

3. Why did Jesus choose the 12 disciples?

A Committed Follower Of Christ

Read Luke 10: 25-37, and Luke 11: 1-13

a. The parable of the Good Samaritan

A teacher of law asked Jesus questions in order to tempt him. One was “ what must I do to receive eternal life? (Read Luke 10: 25 to 28). Jesus replied with a question.

What do the scriptures say? He replied and Jesus told him to do as the scripture say. . He asked another question. Who is my neighbour?

(Luke 10 v 29). Jesus answered with the parable of the Good Samaritan. In this parable, the righteous people among the Jews, Levites and priests, did not help the injured man.

A Samaritan whom Jews considered unclean and sinners helped him. After narrating this parable Jesus asked the lawyer, who of the 3 travelers was a good neighbour? The lawyer said the Samaritan.

Lessons learnt from the parable of the Good Samaritan

In the above parable, Jesus stressed that a follower of Jesus should be:

(1) Committed

(2) Show love of God by loving people in need and their neighbours. A neighbour is anybody who requires assistance or help regardless of race, ethnicity, creed, colour or gender.

Jesus wants his followers to show love and concern to all people regardless of their background. A neighbour uses

his/her resources selflessly to help the needy. A neighbour is also compassionate, kind, and generous to the needy.

Jesus Visit to Martha and Mary (Read Luke 10: 38 – 42)

Martha welcomed Jesus in her home where she lived with her sister Mary. While Martha prepared food, Mary sat at Jesus’ feet listening to his teaching. Martha complained.

She was doing all the work while Mary sat listening to Jesus teaching. Jesus told Martha that Mary had made the right choice to listen to

His teaching.

Lessons we can learn from Jesus Visit to Martha and Mary

1. A committed follower of Jesus is one who creates time to study and listen to God’s word.

2. A follower of Christ should ensure that their commitment to God is not overshadowed by daily duties,

worries and responsibilities.

3. Jesus visit to Mary and Martha was also to teach disciples on the characteristics of a true disciple.

Revision exercise

1. From the teachings of Jesus, on the parable of the good Samaritan; who do you think is a committed

follower of Jesus?

Jesus’ Teaching On Prayer (Read Luke 11:1 – 13)

Prayer is communication with God. It is talking with God. People pray to God all the time. For example,

people pray to God when:

1. They are in problems and in happiness;

2. Seeking healing and wealth,

3. Giving thanks to God,

4. Identifying the needs to be met, and asking for favors from God

5. Repenting and confessing their sins

6. Thanking God

There are many forms or types of prayers. These are:

1. Intercessory prayer – Praying for the needs of others.

2. Prayer for repentance – for forgiveness of sins.

3. Thanksgiving prayer – giving thanks to God for what he has done.

4. Worship prayer – prayers to worship God.

5. Praise prayers – to praise God, Honor God.

6. Supplication and petition prayer – whereby an individual makes their needs known to God and asks

for divine intervention.

Jesus prayed often during his life’s Ministry. The disciples asked him to show them how to pray. Jesus

responded by teaching them the Lords Prayer.

“Our Father who art in Heaven

Hallowed be thy name

Thy Kingdom come

Thy will be done on earth as

It is in heaven

Give us this day our daily bread

Forgive us our trespasses

As we forgive those who trespass against us

Lead us not into temptation

But deliver us from evil”

a) Our Father who art in heaven – The disciples were told to address God as ‘Our father’. God is to be

seen and addressed as a Father.

b) Hallowed be thy name – The name of God should be respected and revered.

c) Thy Kingdom come – In Prayer, Christians/disciples are to pray that the rulership of God reign

amongst them.

d) Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven – Christians to obey the will of God.

e) Give us this day our daily bread – Christians to pray for their needs.

f. Forgive us our trespasses – we ask for forgiveness of our sins and those of others.

g. Jesus taught that one should be persistent in prayer. If a man goes to his friend at midnight and asks for bread to give to his visitor, the friend will open the door and give his friend all that he needs.

This is because his friend was persistent in knocking on the door.

In conclusion, if prayers are to be effective, one must have faith and be persistent. Believe that God shall answer prayers. A committed follower of Jesus should pray at all times.

In prayer, one should acknowledge that God is the Father and that all prayers should be addressed to him. Two, one should have faith that God answers prayers. Therefore we should be persistent in prayer.

Reasons why Christians should pray
  • To honor God
  • To request for favors
  • To offer thanksgiving
  • To confess their sins and seek for forgiveness of sins
  • To seek God’s protection
  • To intercede on behalf of others
  • To strengthen their relationship with God

Revision exercise

1. What did Jesus teach about prayer?

2. What is the importance of prayer?

Use Of God’s Power To Overcome Evil.

Read Luke 11:14 – 28

Learning outcomes. By the end of the lesson, you should be able to:

1. Narrate Jesus teaching about demons

2. Explain why the sign of Jonah was important

3. Describe how God’s power overcomes evil

a. Jesus and Beelzebub. (Read Luke 11: 14 to 28)

Jesus drove out a mute demon. The possessed man began to talk. The crowd said that Jesus was casting out demons using the power of Beelzebub (the price of demons). Beelzebul was an evil spirit.

However Jesus replied “Any country that divides itself into groups which fight each other will not last very long, and a family divided against itself will fall.

Jesus said it is by the power of God that drives out demons.

Lessons learnt

i. Satan cannot fight against himself therefore Jesus cannot be an agent of Beelzebub / Satan.

ii. Gods Kingdom and that of Satan were two separate Kingdoms and could not co exist.

iii. The destruction of Satan’s power meant that the Kingdom of God was in Israel and it was powerful.

God’s power destroyed Satan’s kingdom. It is impossible to be neutral in the battle between Christ and

Satan. One has to belong to either Christ or Satan.

iv. Jesus has power to drive out demons.

v. Demons occupy people. They bring disabilities and diseases.

What makes people to be insane? Mentally sick

b. The sign of Jonah. (Read Luke 11: 29 – 32)

After Jesus drove out the dumb spirit, Jews demanded performance of greater miracles. They wanted

Jesus to prove that he was their expected messiah.

Jesus said that Jonah was a great miracle. But Jesus was greater miracle than that of Jonah, and King Solomon. King Solomon was full of wisdom.

He was so great that Queen of Sheba came to listen to his wisdom. Jesus like Jonah had brought a message of

judgment.

Jesus is greater than Jonah or Solomon. If Jews refuse to receive and listen to Jesus, the Gentiles like Queen of Sheba, will bear testimony against the Jews and receive God’s salvation.

c. The light of the body. Read Luke: 11: 33 – 36

Jesus taught that no one lights a lamp and hides it under a bowl. A lamp is placed where all can see its light.

He said that the human eye is the lamp or the light of the body. Jesus asked the listeners to make sure that “the light in you is not darkness” (vs. 35).

What is the main message in this story?

Jesus Teaching On Hypocrisy, Wealth, Watchfulness And Readiness

Hypocrisy is being dishonest and insincere or pretending to someone else or people. What did Jesus

teach about hypocrisy?

Learning outcomes. After reading these verses in Luke:

1. State what Jesus taught on hypocrisy

2. Explain value of wealth

3. Discuss how modern Christians can be watchful and ready for the coming of Jesus Christ

a. Hypocrisy. Read Luke 12: 1- 12

A Pharisee invited Jesus to his house for a meal. When Jesus did not wash before eating the meal, the Pharisee was surprised.

Jesus told him “.. you Pharisees clean the outside of your cup and plate, but inside you are full violence and evil”, greed and wickedness (vs. 39). Jesus condemned the Pharisees for their hypocrisy.

They were concerned with outward appearances and traditions such as ceremonial washing of cups, hands, and dishes but not the souls of people.

They loved the outward show and public recognition. Pharisees tithed, “but neglected justice and love of God” (vs. 42).

They imposed rules and regulations for people to follow, yet they themselves did not practice what they preached. They refused to confess their sins but pointed out sins in others.

They hinder others from entering the kingdom of God.

They had failed to make people understand the true interpretation of the law.

They were like unmarked graves – dead to people yet the people trusted them. After this teaching, the Pharisees and

the teachers of the law began to oppose Jesus fiercely.

What do we learn from Jesus teachings? Followers of Jesus should be

1. Sincere and upright (honest); (2) obey God’s commands; (3), live to please God but not other people;

(4) confess publicly their loyalty to God and (5) love God without fear and (6) be dependent on the Holy

Spirit

b. The Parable of the Rich Fool. (Read Luke 12:13 to 21).

Someone wanted justice. His brother had refused to share with him his father’s wealth.

He wanted Jesus to order his brother to divide their father’s inheritance between him. In response, Jesus answered him

with the parable of the rich fool.

A rich man expected a good harvest of his crops. He thought he did not have storage for the crop he expected to harvest.

The man said to himself. i will demolish my granaries and stores, then build bigger ones to store all my corn, and other goods. He expected to have enough food to last him a lifetime.

Then he can enjoy his wealth; eating, drinking and making merry. But God told him that his life would be demanded from him that same night. What will happen to his wealth, as he was not rich in God’s sight?

Lessons to learn

i Followers of Jesus should not put their trust in material wealth but in God

ii Life consists of food, other material wealth and trust in God

iii Whoever seeks God’s kingdom, will receive material blessings from God

iv Jesus did not condemn material possessions but rather the attitude towards material possessions.

v Jesus condemned attachment to material wealth instead of trust in God who controls our lives.

c. Watchfulness, Readiness, and Instructions. (Read Luke 12: 35 – 59)

Jesus told his disciples to be:

i Watchful and ready for the return of the Son of Man i.e. Jesus.

ii Faithful servants so that when Jesus returns, he will find them ready and acting responsibly

iii Watchful of possible divisions in families

iv Royal to Christ

v Ready for the coming of the Son of Man. He will come at unexpected time; like a thief who comes when the owner of the house is not aware.

vi Observing things of the kingdom of God, which were present in the person of Jesus.

vii Like good servants, and watch over the affairs of the master.

viii Be decision makers and follow the teachings of Jesus without being watched.

Review questions

1. In what ways were the Pharisees hypocritical?

The Kingdom Of God

Learning Outcomes. By the end of this topic, you should be able to

1. Explain the teachings of Jesus about the kingdom of God

4. Narrate the parables of

a. The unfaithful fig tree

b. The mustard seed

c. Parable of the feast

d. Parable of the great feast

e. Parable of the lost sheep and the lost son

The Kingdom of God

Kingdom of God refers to rule of God, or God’s authority on people’s lives and the world He created.

The kingdom of God was present in Jesus. It is now and in the future reality.

The teachings, and miracles of Jesus were a manifestation of the Kingdom of God.

For anyone to enter God’s kingdom, one has to repent and ask for forgiveness.

The Kingdom of God continues to grow and spread through the work of the Church.

Those who accept the teachings of Jesus Christ about God’s Kingdom are members of the Kingdom of God.

Now to enter the Kingdom of God, one has to repent and not judge others.

Read Luke 13:1-5. Luke has explained the kingdom of God and outlined who will enter it.

The Kingdom of God has unfruitful fig tree (Read Luke, 13: 6 – 9). A farmer had a fig tree that was unproductive for 3 years.

He ordered the gardener to cut it down. The gardener requested for the fig tree to be given another chance. He promised to dig around the fig tree and add fertilizer.

If it bears fruits well, it can survive, if it doesn’t bear fruit, then it should be cut down.

Lessons learnt from the parable

The unproductive fig tree represents followers of Jesus who are unproductive because they do not follow the teachings of Jesus Christ.

God gives people chances to repent just like the fig tree was given a second chance to bear fruit.

Jesus is the gardener who pleads for people before God. The followers of Jesus are expected to be fruitful.

What are the figs used for?

a. Parable of the mustard seed. Read Luke, 13:18 – 19

Jesus likened the kingdom of God to a mustard seed, which is very small. When a mustard seed is

planted, it grows fast to become a big tree. It is difficult to control its growth. When mature, the fig tree

attracts many birds, which feed on its seeds.

Lesson learnt from the parable.

The Kingdom of God

Begins as a small seed and grows quietly and humbly

Then it grows and spreads to all corners of the earth

And It attracts many people

b. Parable of the Yeast. Read Luke, 13: 20 – 21

The Kingdom of God is like yeast. Yeast makes dough rise and the bread big. The Kingdom of God grows secretly and slowly just like the dough rises without being noticed.

It is only God who knows how a kingdom grows.

The Kingdom of God grows as a small unit that eventually grows, spreads and reaches out to many people in many nations.

c. The narrow door. Read Luke, 13: 22 – 30

As Jesus was teaching in towns and villages, a person asked him whether a few people would be saved.

Jesus replied that his followers should make every effort to go through the narrow door as it leads to the Kingdom of God.

The narrow door will not remain open forever.

Lesson learnt from the parable

Those who wish to follow Jesus must repent immediately

Entrance to God’s Kingdom is through repentance

Everybody is invited to enter into the Kingdom of God.

d. Jesus heals a crippled woman on the Sabbath. Luke, 13:10 – 12

Jesus was teaching in the synagogue on Sabbath. Jesus healed a woman who had an evil spirit, which had bent her back (Hunch back) for 18 years.

Jesus saw her and told her “woman, you are free from your illness!” She was made straight and immediately glorified God.

The official of the synagogue was annoyed that Jesus was healing on a Sabbath.

He and others were hostile to Jesus for healing/working on the Sabbath.

Jesus told him, you hypocrite. You feed and look after your animals on the Sabbath day.

Jesus emphasized that human life is more important than animal life or even observing the Sabbath.

Lessons learnt from the parable

Jesus came to set people free from the bondage of sickness and Satan.

Jesus work of liberation is continuous.

It has to be performed even on a Sabbath day because human life is more important than animal life or even observing the Sabbath.

e. Jesus’ Love for Jerusalem. (Read Luke13: 31 – 35)

As Jesus continued with his teachings, he reached Jerusalem. Pharisees informed him that Herod wanted to kill him.

His response was ‘go and tell that fox ” I will continue healing the sick and casting out demons.

Jesus however, lamented over Jerusalem for rejecting God’s messengers. God would abandon

Jerusalem for rejecting Jesus. Jerusalem was the site of Jesus death.

It would eventually acknowledge

Jesus as the Messiah who brings salvation to Israel and to the rest of the world.

f. Man with dropsy healed (Read Luke 14:1 – 6).

Jesus was invited to the house of the leading Pharisees for a meal on a Sabbath.

A man with dropsy (swollen legs and arms) came to Jesus for healing.

The Pharisees watched Jesus closely to see what he would do.

Jesus asked the Pharisees “ does our Law allow healing on the Sabbath or not?”

They kept quiet. Jesus healed the man who then left.

Jesus asked the Pharisees, would they save their son or an ox if it fell in a well on a Sabbath. They kept quiet.

g. Humility and Hospitality. (Read Luke 14: 7 – 14)

Jesus was in the house of a leading Pharisees and observed that some of the invited guests were choosing the best places to sit at the table.

He taught the disciples how to be humble. He said, when invited for a meal, let the owner give you a seat of honor that is reserved for important and honorable guests. Read verse 11.

Jesus advised his host to invite the poor, cripples, and the blind who cannot invite you, as they have nothing to give back for generosity.

Lessons learnt from the parable

Jesus is teaching about humility and hospitality. Those who are humble shall be elevated.

Those who elevate themselves shall be humbled.

Followers of Jesus should extend invitations to the poor and the underprivileged in the society.

The Kingdom of God belongs to the humble people.

c. The parable of the Great Feast. Read Luke, 14: 15 – 24.

A man said to Jesus, “How happy are those who will sit down at the feast in the Kingdom of God” (verse

15). In response Jesus told him that a man made a great feast and invited many friends and colleagues to the feast.

The invited guests failed to come and a servant was sent to inform them that the feast was ready.

All the invited guests gave personal excuses explaining why they could not come.

The master was angry and asked the servant to invite the poor, crippled, lame, the blind and anyone willing to come to the feast.

Lessons learnt from the parable

God has invited all people to the great feast of the Kingdom of God.

Those who honor his invitation will be blessed.

Those who reject the invitation will be excluded from the feast. Jesus explained that the Kingdom of God is like a great feast open to all Jews and Gentiles.

To enter the Kingdom of God, one has to make a personal decision because following Jesus means

sacrificing activities that we consider important to us.

d. The Cost of Being a Disciple

Read Luke 14: 25 – 33

True discipleship means loving Jesus more than ones family. This is a great sacrifice to detach oneself from the family.

A disciple must be ready to suffer for the sake of following Jesus.

Following Jesus requires skills of careful thinking, planning and detailed preparations.

Jesus compared true discipleship to the planning required when building a tower or engaging in a military operation.

Lessons / teachings learnt from the parable

True discipleship means making great sacrifices, “none of you can be my disciple unless you give up everything you have” (verse 33).

Jesus disciples are expected to do careful planning before deciding to follow him because they are required to love God more than anyone else even their relatives and friends.

e. The parable of the Lost Sheep

Read Luke, 15:1 – 7

Pharisees and teachers of law complained to Jesus because Jesus was teaching ordinary people such as tax collectors, and outcasts considered sinners by them.

Jesus told the Pharisees and teachers of law the parable of the lost sheep.

He told them that if a shepherd with 100 sheep lost one of them, what action would he take? Wouldn’t he leave the 99 sheep and go out to look for the lost sheep? And on finding it, wouldn’t the shepherd celebrate with friends and neighbours?

Jesus said that God celebrates if “over one sinner who repents than over 99 respectable people who do not need to repent.”

Lessons / teachings learnt from the parable

iii God is a shepherd and takes care of all his people.

iv He does not want any of his people to be lost.

v God searches for those lost in sin until he finds them.

vi When one sinner repents, God is overjoyed and rejoices.

vii God is the good shepherd who has come to seek and save the lost.

f. Parable of the Lost Coin.

Read Luke, 15: 8 – 10

If a woman losses one of her ten silver coins, she searches until she finds it. And if it is found, she invites

her friends and neighbours to celebrate.

Lessons learnt from the parable

God and the angels in heaven search make every effort to seek the lost sinner until they find them. Jesus

lights the world, looking for sinners who are lost because they are precious in God’s sight.

g. Parable of the Lost Son (prodigal son)

Read Luke 15:11 – 32

Jesus then told the story of a father who had two sons.

The younger was given his share of inheritance he had requested.

He went to foreign lands and wasted his inheritance.

He became poor and decided to return home and ask his father to forgive him and employ him as a servant.

His father kissed him and celebrated his return. The father announced to his guests that the son who was lost is now found. – – The one who was dead is now live.

The elder son was angry and unhappy because his father had never held a celebration for him, inspite of his hard work and obedience.

His father told him “my son you are always here with me, and everything I have is yours”. We are just celebrating the return of the lost son.

Lessons learnt from the parable

a. A person dies spiritually if they sin

b. God loves all people including sinners

c. God is ready to forgive every sinner who repents

d. There is no sin that God cannot give

e. Jesus taught that both the righteous and unrighteous require God’s forgiveness

f. There is joy and happiness in heaven when one sinner repents.

g. Christians should confess their sins and acknowledge that Jesus saves repentant sinners

h. God accepts unconditionally any sinner who comes back to him in repentance

i. Confession of sins is a condition for entering the Kingdom of God.

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