Weaknesses of Church/ Missionary Education 

Weaknesses of Church/ Missionary Education 

  • Many of the people who attain this education are white color job seekers who cannot create jobs for themselves hence leading to the high rate of unemployment.
  • Missionary education is costly in terms of school fees and other scholastic materials and this has made many to drop out because they cannot afford.
  • It encourages rural urban migration because its products want to live in urban areas which have good conditions hence leaving villages under developed
  • This education is too theoretical and that’s why there are few skilled people which has increased dependency on expatriates who are very expensive.
  • Graduates of this education have a negative attitude towards agriculture and this has hindered agricultural production in many African countries.
  • This education system is urban based i.e. it provides good education standards in urban areas neglecting the rural areas.
  • Missionary education was not gender sensitive in that it was for only boys until recently when girls started equipping this type of education.
  • Since it was not gender sensitive, it became a major factor for income inequalities in the society.
  • Missionary education creates classes in the society i.e. the learned and the unlearned, the superior and the inferior and the rich and the poor hence leading to discrimination.
  • Curriculum of this education is outward looking i.e. it produces graduates ready to work in European countries instead of Africa hence hindering African development.
  • It has led to cultural imperialism because its converts are based on foreign curriculum thus making Africans abuse their own culture and praise European culture.
  • This education teacher centered but not learner centered. Therefore it does not answer the needs of the learners to fit well in the society i.e. it does not give a chance to learners to think for themselves.
  • At the beginning, it was denominational i.e. it was based on religions and this led to disunity in the society i.e. protestants went to protestant schools and Catholics went to catholic schools.
  • It caters less for moral rehabilitation of the learners and instead it has increased in moral behaviors among learners in terms of words, thoughts and actions. This is because it emphasizes so much academics.
  • It encourages individualism as it has killed social and mutual concern among which used to be among Africans. It’s therefore blamed for present attitude like mind your business in the society today.

Questions: 

  1. Assess the impact of missionary formal education in East Africa. (25 marks)
  2. Evaluate the effectiveness of church education in East Africa. (25 marks).
How Missionary Education Facilitated the Spread of Christianity in East Africa

Missionary formal education greatly contributed to the spread of the gospel as shown below

  • It has led to the creation of a literate society with people who could read and white Christian literature hence leading to the spread of the church.
  • Missionary education produced African evangelists such as priests and catechists who spread the gospel to fellow Africans.
  • The schools built by the missionaries attracted Africans to go for education from where they were converted to Christianity.
  • Missionary schools also became evangelical centers where the gospel was preached to those who went for studies.
  • Missionary schools also had church that served as worship centers for the purpose of strengthening people’s faith in Christianity.
  • Missionary schools further included CRE in their education system and this imparted Christian principles into the students making them to convert.
  • In missionary school, education was only given to those converted to Christianity. This pushed many people to Christianity so as to attain education.
  • In these schools, jobs to teachers, secretaries, cooks etc were only given to those converted to Christianity and this made people who wanted such jobs to get converted.
  • In missionary schools catechism and confirmation lessons were offered to the learners who were later baptized and confirmed to Christianity leading to its spread.
  • Missionary schools stressed Christian practices and doctrines to be practiced by the workers. E.g. they called upon workers to have monogamy marriages thus spreading Christianity among Africans.
  • The Protestants and catholic missionaries put up very many schools because it was the only way to attain converts who went to attend such schools.
  • Missionary formal education civilized the Africans and weakened their cultural beliefs hence easily accepting Christianity.

Questions:

  1. How did missionary education facilitate the spread of the church in East Africa? (13 marks)
  2. To what extent did missionary education contribute to the spread of Christianity in East Africa? (25 marks)
Reasons Why the British Government Took Control over Education After 1920
  • At the beginning, missionaries were in charge of providing education in the 3 East African countries. However when the colonialists came they realized a number of weaknesses in missionary education and thought of taking over.
  • Before taking over, the colonial government ordered the Phelps stokes commission to re-examine the state of education in the 3 East African countries.
  • The commission investigated and found out many weaknesses in missionary education and issued out report which influenced the British government to take over missionary education.

The following are the reasons why the British took over education from missionaries.

  • Missionary education was too theoretical which made the government to take over control so as to provide practical education.
  • The government wanted to check on the curriculum so as to produce graduates who were not against colonialism.
  • The need to develop a uniform curriculum to be used by all those giving education led to government take over i.e. initially each denomination had its own curriculum. 
  • The need to provide uniform standards of assessing learners by all schools led to government take over. This is because each denomination used to set its exams.
  • The need to develop and award similar standardized academic credential to all graduates to their schools led to government to take over.
  • The government wanted to start funding missionary schools financially in order to improve on service delivery.
  • The government wanted to train and produce professional teachers of uniform standards to manage the schools and teach uniform content.
  • The government wanted to use the schools to produce agents of colonialism who would co-operate with the colonialists to extend colonial policies among Africans.
  • The government wanted to promote the use of English language in East Africa in order to promote British imperialism in their colonies.
  • It also wanted to use formal education as a British tool of civilizing Africans and make them admire and take on British ways of life.
  • With colonialism already established, Britain wanted to heal the divisions that had been created by denominational education among Africans
  • There was need to develop high education training for the award of diploma and degree courses by the government, hence the university of East Africa.
  • There was need for the government to permanently supervise and advise on the conduct and offer of education by the missionaries.
  • Government wanted to improve on school infrastructures and expand education services to all interested Africans.
  • Wanted to train African officers to work in remote areas where Europeans felt uncomfortable staying. The desire to produce cheap African labor to exploit and deploy in farms, industries, communication and promote colonial interests.
  • By supporting missionaries in the offer of education, wanted to promote the rapid spread of the church among Africans
  • They wanted to produce educated westernized Africans who would provide market to European produced goods.

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