What is migration
What is migration? Migration is the movement of people from one place to another for settlement.
Types of migration
1- Rural –urban migration
2- Urban – rural migration
3- Urban – urban migration
4- Rural – rural migration
Rural urban Migration
The movement of people from villages to towns for settlement.
causes of rural urban migration
1- Looking for better employment opportunities
2- Looking for better medical care.
3- Looking for better education services.
4- Looking for secure areas.
5- Looking for better entertainment.
6- Looking better trading opportunities.
7- Escape from crimes.
Effects of Rural urban migration to People in Town
a- It leads to over-population.
b- It leads to unemployment
c- It creates high crime rate.
d- It leads to development of slums.
e- It leads to easy spread of diseases.
f- It leads to high food prices in towns.
Effects of Rural urban Migration to People in villages
a- It leads to low food production.
b- It leads to distortion of culture.
c- It leads to shortage of labour.
Give the meaning of the following;
a. Urban –rural – the movement of people from towns to villages for settlement.
Causes of urban – rural migration.
i) Loss of jobs.
ii) Change of job
iii) Transfers of work place.
b. Urban – urban migration
This is the movement of people from one town to another for settlement.
c. Rural to rural migration
This is the movement of people from one village to another for settlement.
Causes of rural – rural migration
i) Looking for fertile soils.
ii) Looking for areas with reliable rainfall.
iii) Running away from natural disasters.
iv) Running away from epidemic diseases.
This is the movement of people out of the country to another for settlement.
This is the movement of people into the country from another country.
Causes of Emigration /Immigration.
a. Insecurity /wars
b. Looking for better jobs.
c. Representing a country as an ambassador / High commissioner.
d. Running away from natural disasters.
e. Looking for political asylum.
f. Joining their families.