What is plant nutrients

What is plant nutrients

These are elements required for proper plant growth and develpment.These elements are absorbed by plant roots in an ionic form which may be positively charged like NH4+,Ca2+ or negatively charged like CL,NO3etc.

Categories of plant nutrients.

Plant nutrients are divided into two major groups namely;

Major/macro/Essential plant nutrients

Minor/micro/trace elements

Macro Plant Nutrients

These are elements required by plants in large quantities(amounts) and if they are missing,the plants suffer serious effects

Micro Plant Nutrients

These are plant nutrients required by plants in very small quantities but should be present to enable plants grow well.

Examples of macro plant nutrients

From soil

  • Nitrogen
  • phosphorous
  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Sulphur

Examples of Micro plant Nutrients

  • Iron
  • Manganese
  • boron
  • Molybdenum
  • Zinc
  • Chlorine
  • Copper
  • Cobalt


From the soil solutions e.g nitrogen,phosphorous etc

From already decomposed materials

From chemical or inorganic fertilizers e.g sulphate of ammonia

From organic manure such as FYM,Compost etc

From exchangeable ions