Why Africans lost the war

  • Kinjikitile false Propaganda i.e. the magic water didn’t provide immunity against German bullets as he had claimed.
  • There was no military training carried out to prepare the fighters for war.
  • Africans had poor organization i.e. people just joined the rebellion basing on Kinjikitile’s Propaganda.
  • Africans lacked unity among the various tribes i.e. some were even fighting amongst themselves.
  • Africans lacked a unified command i.e. they had more than one leader and they always fought together as a whole community and not in troops or battalions.
  • The Germans also used the scorched earth policy which left many African homes, food stores and gardens destroyed.
  • The Hehe, Chagga and Nyamwezi did not join the rebellion which reduced the power of the Africans fighting against the Germans.
  • Superiority of the German forces i.e. the Germans had guns while Africans had traditional and crude weapons e.g.  Spears, bows, and arrows, stones e.t.c.
  • Why Africans lost the war
  • The Maji Maji   fighters lacked persistence i.e. some tribes pulled out leaving fellow fighters to suffer.
  • The Germans received help from Germany in form of arms and troops.
  • Slave trade had also taken away the energetic men and left the weak ones .who could not do much in the rebellion.
  • Africans had poor economies that could not sustain a prolonged war against a rich and powerful country like Germany.
  • The death of African leaders also made the rebellion lose continuity and strength e.g. Kinjikitile Ngwale.
  • The Germans were also determined to take over Tanganyika whether by hook or crook.