HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY (1967 -1977)

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY (1967 -1977)

  1. The East African Community was a common market which united the three East African countries.
  2. What is a common market?
  • This is an organization formed by countries to promote common interest especially trade.
  • A group of countries that have accepted to work together with the major aim of promoting trade.
  • B: Another name for a common market is Regional Economic Grouping.
  1. Organizations that existed before the East African Community.
  2. The East African High Commission formed in 1948.
  3. The East African Common Services Organisation formed in 1961 to replace the East African High Commission.
  4. Where were the headquarters of the East African High Commission? At Nairobi.
  5. Mention the countries that formed the East African Community in 1967.
  • Uganda
  • Kenya
  • Tanzania
MAP OF EAC COUNTRIES 1967

eac 1

  1. The President of East Africa who formed the East African Community in 1967.
  • E. Julius Kambarage Nyerere of Tanzania.
  • Ex Jomo Kembarage of Kenya
  • Ex Dr. Apollo Milton Obote of Uganda
  1. Where were the headquarters of the East African Community?

OBJECTIVES/AIMS/REASONS FOR THE FORMATION OF THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY IN 1967

  1. To promote trade among the member countries.
  2. To promote unity/co-operation among member countries.
  3. To create a common market for goods and services.
  4. To allow free movement of goods and services.
  5. To have fair/reduced taxes on goods.

HOW DID THE COUNTRIES OF EAST AFRICAN BENEFIT FROM THE EAC BEFORE IF COLLAPSED IN 1967?

  1. Member countries paid reduced taxes on goods.
  2. There was free movement of goods and people among member countries.
  3. Member countries got goods they didn’t produce.
  4. Member countries got ready market for their goods.
  5. There was unity and co-operation among member countries.

SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE E.A.C. (1967-77)

  1. Banking through the East African Development Bank.
  2. Communication through the East African posts and Telecommunications.
  3. Education through the inter-university council, school of library and information science.
  4. Transport through the East African railways and harbours.

DEPARTMENTS/CORPORATIONS OF THE FORMER EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY (EAC)

  1. The East African Development Bank (EADB) with headquarters at Kampala.
  2. The East African Civil Aviation school (Soroti)
  3. The East African Examination Coucil – EAEC.
  4. The East African Inter-University Council.
  5. The East African Railways and Harbours.
  6. The East African Airways. (Nairobi.
  7. East African Court of Appeal.
  8. East African income tax department.
  9. East African Customs and Excise.
  10. East African Meteorological Department.
  11. East African Try Ponosomiasis Research.
  12. East African Literature Bureau.
  13. The East African Legislative Assembly. (EALA) (Arusha)

Qtn: Mention the problems which were faced by the EAC.

  1. Political diffences among member states.
  2. Lack of a common currency.
  3. Shortage of funds to provide services to the peoples.

REASONS FOR THE COLLAPSE/DECLINE OF THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY (1977)

  1. Shortage of funds.
  2. Misunderstandings among the presidents of East Africa e.g. Julius Nyerere of Tanzania and Iddi Amin Dada of Uganda.
  3. Different political ideologies among member countries e.g. Kenya and Uganda were capitalists while Tanzania was a socialist state.

N.B. Capitalism is a system of government where individuals are allowed to own their personal property while socialism is a system where most property and business are owned by the government. (use the example of UJAMA villages where we had communal ownership of property)  

  1. Uganda and Tanzania thought that Kenya was benefitting more.
  2. There was lack of a common currency.

REVIVAL OF THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY

  1. The EAC was reborn/revived in 4th March 1996.
  2. List the heads of state that revived the EAC.
  3. President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Uganda.
  4. President Daniel Arap Moi of Kenya.
  5. President Benjamin Mkapa of Tanzania.

Name the current members of EAC.

  • Uganda
  • Kenya
  • Tanzania
  • Rwanda
  • Burundi

Why was the EAC revived? (objectives)

  • To promote trade among member countries.
  • To promote peace and unity/co-operation among member countries.
  • To promote free movement of people and goods among member states.
  • To strengthen the existing institutions of the E.A.C e.g the EADB.

N.B: In January 2001, the existing heads of state of East Africa signed a treaty re-establishing the East African Community.

  1. To develop transport and communication network in the region.