Why The Nandi Finally Lost The War.

Why The Nandi Finally Lost The War.

  • The British had a lot of determination because this was delaying colonialism and they wanted to construct the Uganda railway.
  • The death of Orkoiyot Koitale also led to the final defeat of the Nandi i.e. he died in a shameful manner hence causing them to lose the morale of fighting.
  • The Nandi had inferior weapons which could not compete effectively with the superior weapons of the British who had the maxim guns.
  • The British always got support from neighbouring  countries e.g. Uganda, Sudan and Egypt in form of troops and ammunitions (weapons)
  • The British always recruited mercenaries into their army e.g. Maasai and Sudanese mercenaries who made their army grow stronger.
  • The Nandi lacked support from their immediate neighbours like the Maasai which greatly led to their defeat.
  • The recruited mercenaries knew about the Nandi military tactics which information was used by the British to defeat the Nandi.
  • The scorched earth policy employed by the British greatly weakened the Nandi because several farms and houses were destroyed and this left the Nandi suffering.
  • Many of the Nandi troops and people were always killed by the tropical diseases and famine which reduced on their military might.
  • The Nandi neighbours who were hired as mercenaries also had the determination to support the British and defeat the Nandi who had terrorized them for so long.
  • The British tricked the Nandi into negotiations and agreements into accepting to work with the British, also weakened the Nandi military might.
  • British missionaries used the tactic of spreading Christianity which brought about disunity amongst the Nandi.

Effects of the Nandi resistance

  • There was heavy loss of lives especially the Africans which led to depopulation in the area.
  • There was massive destruction of property. E.g. Villages and food stores were all set on fire and this led to famine.
  • The Nandi lost their land to the white settlers and the Uganda railway line and were pushed to infertile lands in the north.
  • There was wide spread poverty and misery in the Nandi area due to the serious economic destruction.
  • The Nandi were over powered and therefore defeated which completely marked the end of their independence.
  • Some of the Nandi who lost their land to the Europeans were forced to migrate to towns and urban centres to make ends meet.
  • The British were able to construct the railway line through the Nandi area with minimum difficulty and it was extended to Kisumu and Uganda.
  • The defeat of the Nandi taught their neighbours a lesson that the British were militarily superior and many decided to collaborate e.g. Maasai. Luo and Luyia.
  • The Nandi superiority and arrogance in the region was crushed mainly because they had terrorized and bullied most of their neighbours.
  • Many people were converted to Christianity because the teachings of Prophet Orkoiyot Koitale had failed to guide them into defeating the British.
  • Forts and European stations were built throughout the area e.g. in Kiptume and Kapkolei after the defeat of the Nandi.
  • With the defeat of the Nandi, more Europeans poured into Kenya and took over the Kenyan highlands.
  • The Nandi resistance taught the British a lesson that the Africans could also put up an organized resistance.
  • The rebellion spread waves of nationalism throughout Kenya and this led to future revolts e.g. Mau-Mau rebellion in 1952.